Treatments and Procedures
The Craniofacial Centers of NewYork-Presbyterian feature renowned experts in the following surgical specialties:
- Plastic and craniofacial surgery
- Oral surgery
- Ear/nose/throat surgery
- Eye surgery
These specialists are available to your child to perform procedures such as:
Facial and Cranial Reconstruction
- Our plastic and craniofacial surgeons perform reconstruction of facial clefts (including cleft lip and cleft palate), cleft lip revision, ear malformations (such as microtia), facial asymmetry, craniosynostosis, and a variety of other facial and cranial abnormalities. We perform surgeries on children with congenital asymmetry of the upper and lower jaw.
- In children in whom bone abnormalities cause irregularities in the shape of the skull or facial features, our plastic surgeons, working with other members of the craniofacial treatment team, can shift these bones of the head and face into more natural positions. Sometimes we achieve these changes gradually through a technique known as "distraction osteogenesis," providing these children with a more normal appearance.
- Our oral surgeons perform maxillofacial reconstruction, primarily of the bone and teeth, including the treatment of children who've acquired a deformity from trauma, tumors, or congenital abnormalities. They perform surgery to correct facial asymmetries and to adjust the alignment of the jaws and other facial structures as children grow.
- In children with craniofacial abnormalities, oral surgeons are involved in reconstructing the lower jaw and the upper jaw — usually below the level of the eye. For instance, a child who has a cleft lip and palate may be missing bone in the cleft and upper jaw near the teeth. An oral surgeon will perform a bone graft to reconstruct this section.
- Oral surgeons also perform procedures to correct abnormal growth of the upper jaw or deformity of the lower jaw.
- Our otolaryngologists (ear, nose, and throat specialists) evaluate and care for children with hearing, swallowing, and respiratory problems related to craniofacial conditions.
- Many children have ear fluid or congenital abnormalities that interfere with their hearing. Otolaryngologists can identify these problems; perform surgery to treat any correctible hearing issues; and offer hearing aid support, including specially designed hearing aids based on cutting-edge technology and cochlear implants for children who can benefit.
- Our otolaryngologists also evaluate and treat upper airway problems, since craniofacial conditions can impact breathing. They use flexible scopes which allow them to perform these evaluations even in very small infants.
Brain, Skull, and Spine Surgery
- Our pediatric neurosurgeons treat infants and small children who have birth defects affecting the brain, skull, and spine.
- They use state-of-the-art approaches to treat children and adolescents recovering from head trauma and tumors.
- Our Craniofacial Centers also feature oculoplastic surgeons, who perform reconstruction of eye structures.