Generalized anxiety disorder
These individuals worry all the time, which interferes with their lives and impairs their ability to function and engage in constructive problem-solving. Even when things are going well in their lives, people with generalized anxiety disorder are often still worried, which has an impact on relationships, sometimes causing them to withdraw and isolate themselves from friends and family.
Once categorized as an anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder is also now categorized separately. Individuals have obsessions and compulsions, potentially spending hours a day with these thoughts. As a result, going to work or taking care of their families becomes impossible as they are consumed by thoughts and associated rituals.
A panic attack is a sudden attack of intense anxiety with physical symptoms such as a racing heart, trembling, and shortness of breath. Some people become afraid of these physical sensations and the possibility of their recurrence. Eventually, they can become very afraid of and avoid situations where they have experienced panic such as the grocery store, a classroom, or even while just being alone at home.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Historically post-traumatic stress disorder was characterized as an anxiety disorder although now, diagnostically, it is categorized separately and can be triggered by a psychological shock, injury, or dangerous event. This often results in severe anxiety and uncontrollable thoughts about a specific shock which can lead to generalized anxiety in other areas of their lives.
Separation anxiety disorder
Children and young adults with separation anxiety disorder are afraid and anxious when not with a loved one or a trusted person. In children, this can lead to refusing to go to school or other activities.
Social phobia or social anxiety disorder
Fear of being the focus of attention, scrutinized, or evaluated. Individuals may experience physical sensations such as sweaty palms or blushing during social and evaluative situations. Any number of different social or specific performance situations, such as giving a talk or speech, taking a test, or meeting someone for the first time can bring on this type of anxiety.
An extreme fear of very specific objects or situations such as heights, enclosed spaces, medical or dental visits, blood and injections, lightning, modes of transportation, catching a disease, or being near animals or insects.