Current Work At The Center For Community Health Navigation (CCHN)
Our Work With Children
Pediatric Community Health Worker Program
The Pediatric Community Health Worker (CHW) program was developed in 2015 in partnership with community based organizations to better serve families of children with special health care needs. This program serves families of children who are patients at the 5 pediatric patient centered medical homes (PCMH) in the Ambulatory Care Network at Columbia University Medical Center and Weill Cornell.
Bilingual and culturally competent CHWs serve as the single point of contact for families who enroll in the care coordination program. The CHWs empower families around self-management for their child's condition and connect them to resources in the community and the Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH).
Participating families receive comprehensive information on three key messages: knowing your child's condition(s), knowing how to access health care for your child, and keeping your child's condition(s) under control. Families also receive support on self-directed goals around their child's care, including, but not limited to organization around medications, transitioning from pediatric to adult medicine, organization skills to coordinate care as well as social service referrals that address competing obstacles such as housing, immigration, and employment. The CHWs are based in partner community based organizations, allowing them to remain anchored in the community while also maintaining a strong presence in the PCMHs where they participate in interdisciplinary team meetings and provide linguistically and culturally appropriate tools and education.
Since July 2016, 10 CHWs supported 229 children with special health care needs. Eighty-five percent of the caregivers with unmet social needs were successfully connected to social service resources that address needs related to housing, food insecurity, and insurance. Nearly 60% of the 74 participants who completed the program reported decreased levels of distress upon discharge. In addition, to date, CHWs have conducted 481 practice education sessions with caregivers within 5 pediatric clinical sites.
Our Work With Adults
Adult Community Health Worker Program
In 2017, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital (NYP) and community partners came together to develop a comprehensive program to support adults with 2 or more chronic conditions and their caregivers. The goals are to improve participants’ health and health care experience by providing culturally sensitive, peer-based community support, enabling them to better access health care, resolve questions and needs in between visits in the medical home, and address social issues that are barriers to achieving health and quality of life.
Bilingual Community Health Workers (CHWs) deliver education and support around 3 major categories: patient navigation (knowing how to access care), medication management (adherence, knowledge and access), and social determinants (housing, food insecurities, transportation, and immigration). Participants are supported in setting and meeting goals around these specific areas.
Since June 2017, 316 patients were referred to the program. 144 of those referred, enrolled in the program. Of those who have completed the 6-month program (17), 65% have reached their medication adherence goal and 76% have reached their patient navigation goals.
HIV – REACH Collaborative
As of 2017, over 120,000 New Yorkers were living with HIV.1 Nationally, it is estimated that 13% of persons living with HIV are unaware of their status and within New York City in 2015, 37% of adults report never being tested.2, 3 On June 29, 2014, Governor Cuomo proposed a major commitment to address HIV within New York State and unveiled the Blueprint to End the Epidemic (EtE) which seeks to dramatically reduce new HIV infections by 2020. This will be accomplished by getting persons tested, linking persons newly diagnosed or out-of-care into medical care, and utilizing biomedical interventions such as Treatment as Prevention and adoption of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis.
In 2015, NewYork-Presbyterian in collaboration with six New York City community based organizations (CBO's) formed the REACH Collaborative (Ready to End AIDS and Cure Hepatitis C). REACH adopts a multi-pronged approach to decrease HIV/Hep C transmission by engaging participants into care, offering treatment for HIV/Hep C, and working with those at risk for infection within New York City. At the core of this effort are Community Health Workers (CHW) and Peers from NewYork-Presbyterian's (NYP) Center for Community Health Navigation (CCHN) who are integrated into health care teams across NYP and in local CBO’s to provide peer-level support, education, and to make connections to critical clinical and social services. At NYP Chelsea and Cornell, CHWs and peers are members of the healthcare team where they provide peer-level support, identify social barriers to care and inform care plans. In partnership with several community collaborators, CHWs and Peers who are based in multi-service agencies work with people at risk for or living with HIV and/or Hepatitis C and connect them to clinical and social services, including on-site and off-site HIV/Hep C testing.
As of December 2017, approximately 650 people have received services from one of the CHWs and Peers working with the REACH collaborative. Amongst a subgroup of these patients, nearly ½ received coordination or referral with primary care (CHP) and 61% of patients received a referral to at least 1 CBO for social support. Additionally, the CHWs and Peers conducted a total of 286 HIV rapid test and 266 HCV rapid tests in the community.
- New York City HIV/AIDS Annual Surveillance Statistics. New York: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2017. https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/ah/surveillance-trend-tables.pdf. Accessed February 1, 2018.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (August 2016). HIV Testing in the United States [Fact sheet]. https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/docs/factsheets/hiv-testing-us-508.pdf. Accessed February 1, 2018.
- CUNY Institute for Implementation Science in Population Health. (2015). ETE Dashboard: Ending the AIDS Epidemic- HIV Testing in New York City [Dashboard]. http://etedashboardny.org/data/testing/nyc/. Accessed February 1, 2018.
Behavioral Health – Crisis Stabilization
In Northern Manhattan, residents are less likely to have a regular health care provider than other city residents. One in five adults in this community has no health insurance, and one in six goes without needed medical care, the fourth highest rate in the city. While some of the area's major health problems are related to obesity, diabetes and heart disease, residents experience greater symptoms of psychological distress and mental illness and higher rates of poverty than other New York city residents. Additionally, 41% of New Yorkers do not receive, or delay receiving, mental health services. Many use medical or psychiatric emergency departments as primary sources of care, ultimately leading to poor outcomes. Many lack the support or structure to attend or adhere to long-term psychiatric and medical care.
NewYork-Presbyterian (NYP) is collaborating with community-based organizations to support individuals in addressing the mental health, substance abuse, and social issues that negatively impact their health outcomes. The Crisis Stabilization project works to develop a mental health safety network for high utilizers of the NYP medical and psychiatric emergency rooms and inpatient units, with mental health diagnoses, by reaching out into communities and homes to engage individuals in their care. A multidisciplinary team bridges patients into outpatient treatment.
The Community Health Worker (CHWs) who is part of the Center for Community Health Navigation is an integral member of this multidisciplinary team. They connect patients to outpatient medical, mental health, substance abuse, and other services in the community and they work with Health Homes and Health and Recovery Plans (HARP) as part of a long-term care plan. The Community Health Worker provides culturally responsive services to educate our patients, identify resources, provide case management and support care coordination activities in ways that support the individual's ownership of their recovery and health.
In 2017, 47 patients received 475 services from the Community Health Worker on the Crisis Stabilization Project. 178 of those services were provided face-to-face. Services include linking patients to outpatient mental health care, connecting them to primary medical care, linking to substance abuse services, connecting people into health homes for long-term support, and helping patients engage with other psychosocial supports.
Our Work With Children and Adults
Emergency Department Based Patient Navigator Program
Our complex healthcare system can be challenging to navigate under the best of circumstances and these challenges are compounded for those who are uninsured, undocumented, living in poverty or have limited English proficiency. In 2008, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital initiated an emergency-department (ED)-based Patient Navigator Program to support, educate and empower patients to effectively navigate the healthcare system and receive appropriate and continuous care.
Located in 5 emergency departments (ED) of NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Patient Navigators offer peer-based, culturally relevant education and support to underserved patients. They link patients to health insurance/financial assistance, and schedule primary care and specialty appointments. In addition, Patient Navigators provide appointment reminders and follow-up calls to ensure that patients receive the care that they need.
From December 2008 to December 2017, Patient Navigators supported 120,728 patients in the five Manhattan ED settings. Seventy-seven percent of the 87,912 patients for whom an appointment was scheduled attended the scheduled appointment and 93% of the nearly 50,761 patients without a primary care provider had an appointment with a new provider upon discharge. These outcomes suggest that an ED-based Patient Navigator Program is an effective approach to connect patients with the clinical and social services they need and, ultimately, to better manage their health.
Starting in 2015, Patient Navigators have also become members of five PCMH health care teams, where they participate in interdisciplinary team meetings, serving as a bridge between the ED and PCMH for patients and their caregivers. Through their culturally sensitive, peer-based approach, Patient Navigators empower patients and their caregivers to better understand and access the health and social resources they need.