History

PH Presbyterian

On January 1, 1998, The New York Hospital publicly announced its full-asset merger with The Presbyterian Hospital to create NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital. In this unprecedented event, two world-class academic healthcare institutions combined to create the largest and most comprehensive hospital in New York, with over 13,000 employees and 2,200 patient beds. The result is an improved quality of healthcare provided to patients, enhanced availability of clinical services to an expanded population and lowered costs of services through improved efficiencies.

Before the merger, The New York Hospital and The Presbyterian Hospital shared illustrious histories as providers of exemplary healthcare services to residents of the New York metropolitan area, having made innumerable contributions to the field of medicine.

As a merged institution, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital serves as a preeminent healthcare resource for the New York region and beyond. With its two affiliated medical schools, NewYork-Presbyterian combines the best clinical and administrative practices of all its departments and is recognized as one of the foremost integrated academic health centers in the world.


1771

The New York Hospital is founded by a royal charter from King George III of England. Twenty years later, the hospital receives its first patients.

1821

The Bloomingdale Asylum for psychiatric care opens in Morningside Heights. The New York Hospital had opened an asylum, adjacent to the hospital, in 1808, but moved to more tranquil surroundings, overlooking the Hudson River, at Broadway and 116th Street. It is the country’s second behavioral health facility and the first in New York City.

1868

The Presbyterian Hospital is founded by James Lenox.

1889

An old brewery, tenement house, and saloon purchased for $1,800 is transformed into the 10-bed The Helping Hands Hospital. Rapid patient growth forces the hospital to move to a Revolutionary-era house, then into a proper home in 1966, when it is renamed Hudson Valley Hospital Center. Today, it is NewYork-Presbyterian Hudson Valley Hospital.

1898

Cornell University Medical College is established on First Avenue between 27th and 28th streets. Ten years later, it becomes one of the first in the country to require a college degree as a prerequisite to admission. Today, it is known as one of the world’s preeminent institutions and consistently ranks on the U.S. News & World Report’s list of the best medical schools in the United States.

1909

After his son Dudley, suffering from appendicitis, almost died on the train ride from Westchester to New York City to seek medical attention, real-estate magnate William Van Duzer Lawrence bought land and donated the money to build Bronxville’s first community hospital, Lawrence Hospital Center, now NewYork-Presbyterian Lawrence Hospital.

1911

The Presbyterian Hospital and the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons sign an affiliation agreement to create a “Medical Center.” Presbyterian trustee and prominent philanthropist Edward S. Harkness donates $1 million to facilitate the agreement. Two years later, New York Hospital and Cornell University Medical College establish an affiliation agreement.

1927

Cornell University Medical College (now Weill Cornell Medical College) and New York Hospital (NYH) sign an agreement leading to the formation of the Medical Center, which opened five years later. Payne Whitney donates $40 million to expand NYH, and the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic is named in his honor.

1928

The Presbyterian Hospital moves to 168th Street. Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center opens. It is the first such center to combine teaching, research, and patient care.

1976

The William Randolph Hearst Burn Center opens at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center. It is the first full-service burn center in New York City. Its innovative programs go on to treat more than 5,300 patients every year — more than four times as many as the average U.S. burn unit.

1984

The first successful heart transplant in a child is performed at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, one of the largest centers for transplants for all organs. Because the heart is so small for the 4-year-old child, the surgeons wear magnifying eyeglasses during the 5½-hour procedure. NewYork-Presbyterian today has one of the largest and most comprehensive transplant programs in the country.

1997

The New York Hospital announces its merger with The Presbyterian Hospital, creating NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital. At the time, the two world-class academic health care institutions combine to create the largest and most comprehensive hospital in New York, with over 13,000 employees and 2,200 patient beds. Today, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital comprises six campuses, with more than 40,000 employees and 2,600 beds.

2000

NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital is named U.S. News & World Report’s top hospital in New York, a title it has held for 16 consecutive years. The hospital is also regularly ranked among the top 10 in the country and is currently at No. 6 in the magazine’s prestigious Honor Roll.

2003

The Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of NewYork-Presbyterian Columbia University Irving Medical Center, at Broadway and West 165th Street, opens. The campus was built with $120 million, $80 million of which was donated by the Morgan Stanley corporation and its employees. Morgan Stanley also contributed a lead gift for a new adult emergency department at NewYork-Presbyterian Columbia University Irving Medical Center.

2010

The state-of-the-art Vivian and Seymour Milstein Family Heart Center opens at NewYork-Presbyterian Columbia University Irving Medical Center. The six-level facility, made possible by a $50 million gift from the Vivian and Seymour Milstein family foundations, offers comprehensive heart care services from NewYork-Presbyterian’s world-renowned physicians, making it one of the world’s top cardiac care centers.

2014

NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital and Lawrence Hospital Center establish a new relationship aimed at improving care for patients in Westchester. Lawrence Hospital Center is renamed NewYork-Presbyterian Lawrence Hospital. It marks the official beginning of a new overall regional strategy for the organization. NewYork-Presbyterian has since expanded its presence in Hudson Valley, Queens, and Brooklyn.

2014

NewYork-Presbyterian breaks ground on The David H. Koch Center across the street from the hospital’s Upper East Side location on York Avenue. Supported by a $100 million gift from David Koch, the largest in the hospital’s history, the 750,000-square-foot, world-class ambulatory healthcare facility and outpatient center will offer personalized, integrated care in a technologically sophisticated environment when it opens in 2018.

2016

NewYork-Presbyterian, in collaboration with Columbia University Medical Center, Weill Cornell Medicine, and NYC Health + Hospitals/Harlem, is awarded a grant from the NIH for approximately $4 million to enroll participants in the Cohort Program of President Barack Obama’s Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) — a large-scale research effort to improve our ability to prevent and treat disease based on individual differences in lifestyle, environment, and genetics. The institutions are selected in part for their diverse patient population and cutting-edge precision medicine capabilities.


To learn more about our history, visit Health Matters.