What is Coronary Artery Disease?

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common heart condition where plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Also called coronary heart disease or ischemic heart disease, coronary artery disease can cause the arteries to narrow and subsequently fail to send enough blood to the heart. This narrowing can result in various symptoms and complications, including heart attack.

Stages of artery blockage by plaque.

Signs & Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease


You may not have any symptoms of coronary artery disease at first, as it can take decades for enough plaque to build up in the arteries to cause narrowing. Once this happens, you may notice symptoms that indicate your heart is working harder to pump blood.

Causes & Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease


Though there is no single cause of coronary artery disease, several risk factors can increase your chances of developing the condition. Risk factors for coronary artery disease include:

Coronary Artery Disease Prevention


You can take steps to lower your risk of developing coronary artery disease. Measures that keep your cholesterol low and contribute to cardiovascular health can help prevent coronary artery disease.

These behaviors include:

  • Maintaining a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Avoiding smoking and alcohol
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Reduce and manage stress
Get Care

Trust NewYork-Presbyterian for Coronary Artery Disease Care

NewYork-Presbyterian cardiac physicians are experts at identifying the many risk factors of coronary artery disease and the signs associated with the condition. Our doctors will work with you on a health plan to reduce your risk of developing coronary artery disease and are prepared to provide world-class treatment options to manage the disease.