Gynecologic cancer is a term that encompasses cervical cancer, endometrial uterine cancer, sarcoma uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer, and ovarian cancer.
A number of hereditary cancer syndromes are associated with an increased risk of gynecologic cancer. We offer testing and counseling to women to determine their risk.
If cancer actually occurs, women at NewYork-Presbyterian are cared for by a multi-disciplinary team who determine the best treatment approach for each patient by taking into account the type, location, and stage of the disease as well as the patient's age and physical health. For example, gynecologists here often work with colleagues in other specialties, including breast oncologists and surgeons, and gastroenterologists, to evaluate women with mutations that put them at greater risk to develop cancer in these parts of the body.
Treatment for gynecologic cancer can be surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these. Each woman's treatment is coordinated by her gynecologic oncologist, ensuring continuity of care from screening and diagnosis through treatment and follow-up. Our surgeons take a minimally invasive approach whenever possible – increasingly using robotic procedures which require only very small incisions and offer patients a faster recovery.
Some treatments for gynecologic cancer can impair a woman's fertility. Women of childbearing age who are interested in preserving their fertility should consult with their doctor before undergoing treatment. Services such as egg preservation and in vitro fertilization are available.